In seemingly idyllic Hawaii, communities are surrounded by experimental agricultural test sites that spray pesticides upwind of their neighborhoods. “Poisoning Paradise” details the ongoing struggle by native Hawaiians to advance bold new legislation governing the fate of their island home. In an attempt to diversify an economy that was overly reliant on tourism, policymakers in both Hawaii and Washington, D.C., encouraged the world’s largest biotech companies to utilize Kauai’s favorable climate and fertile soil to test genetically engineered seeds and crops. Corporations have since applied hundreds of tons of restricted-use pesticides on thousands of acres across the island’s west side, the traditional homeland of an indigenous and disenfranchised population. Interviews with local residents, scientists, and healthcare professionals reveal the hardships and ecological dangers of intensive and continuous pesticide applications and explore the environmental injustice visited on people living in one of the most sacred, biologically unique, and diverse locations on Earth. Although Kauai’s plight might seem like a local issue, similar debates are occurring around the world, with country after country becoming concerned about pesticides, the future of food, and sustainable farming practices.